The moon, England’s tidal fence and electrical Futurism


As the Independent reported this morning, England's river Mersey may soon become "the first river in Britain to generate electricity from its tides" – using a tidal fence.


Plans are afoot to take advantage of "the Mersey's vast renewable energy potential by constructing a tidal power fence which, according to initial estimates, could generate up to 2,000 megawatts of electricity, enough to power 15 per cent of the North-west's electricity requirements. The Mersey offers more tidal power potential than virtually any other river in Europe, by virtue of its 10-metre tidal range and strong currents which are a by-product of its shape and its position on England's windy North-west coast."
It is, in other words, about to become a machine.


First, water at high tide will be shut into a sequence of locks and gates; in this respect, the tidal fence is not unlike a standard shipping canal. But then, as the river drops with the tide, the trapped water – now at a higher elevation – will be "allowed to escape through the turbines of a hydroelectric plant."
This will turn the water's gravitational potential energy into electricity.


Tidal fences, however, are only one technical option – there are also tidal turbines, for example, and there are important differences between turbines and fences. (For more on this, see Daily Kos).
But why should we care about tidal power at all?
"Tidal power is more dependable than wind due to its predictable nature thus making it a better source of electrical energy for feeding the baseload of the national grid. The tides run almost 6 hours in one direction and then reverse and run for 6 hours in the opposite direction thus giving a power source that is available 24 hours a day unlike wind and solar."
Or, as we read in this press release: "Seawater is 832 times as dense as air; therefore the kinetic energy available from a 5-knot ocean current is equivalent to a wind velocity of 270 km/h."
The point is that tidal power kicks wind power's a**.


Meanwhile, the technology itself verges on the occult.
Norway, for instance, is experimenting with moon power at a new station built by Hammerfest Strøm AS: "The rise and fall of the sea, caused by the Moon's gravitational tug on the Earth, could be generating electricity for hundreds of thousands of homes within five years if the new Norwegian power station proves successful. The power station, which resembles an underwater windmill, began generating electricity for the town of Hammerfest. Although still largely a prototype, the generator is the first in the world to harness the power of the open sea and be connected to an electricity grid." (See the details in their own technical PDF).
So, sure, all tides are lunar, and therefore all tidal power is lunar power... but it's still fascinating.
It's like something straight out of Aleister Crowley.


Meanwhile, the images that you're seeing scattered throughout this post are all by Italian Futurist architect, Antonio Sant'Elia. Not a single one of them is of a tidal fence, a tidal turbine, or even of a hydroelectric dam; but his obvious exuberance for monumental power-generation structures is: 1) so bizarre it's almost touching; and 2) just waiting to be copied by a new generation of architects, gamers, novelists and filmmakers.


Herculean and abstract concrete structures humming with hydroelectric power. Submerge ten of these things in the Mersey... and England just got a whole lot brighter.

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Blogger Bryan Finoki said...

they look like crazy border crossing machines to me, fortress-urbanist immigration systems; futurist security-checkpoints that will regulate the controls and flows of human migration around the world entirely on their own soon. Levies as ethnic barriers, barrier reefs as border fencing, the irony of sustainable engineering and institutional racism, automated flood gates made to recycle the mass exodus of unwanted asylum seekers right back to their own country. In my little nightmare i fear this is military geology for the empire. Maybe at this point in the future, these 'globalized' "floating population" security-gates have enabled a certain degree of migration-traffic (through, ironically, greater eco-tourism, or perhaps some other totally dubious ploy entirely wearing a mask of diplomacy), all, really in order to just feed and sustain the people-flows that are neccessary to inundate a brighter global surveillance landscape. Eco-engineering for the surveillatopia. or, well, something like that anyway...

November 23, 2005 12:19 AM  
Blogger Robert Elliott Smith said...

Everything old is new again:
http://www.tidemill.org.uk/

November 23, 2005 5:27 AM  
Blogger Geoff Manaugh said...

Bryan - were you picturing this?

November 23, 2005 11:41 PM  
Anonymous john said...

the thames could also do this. smaller tide fences could line the estuary.

interesting post.

November 24, 2005 11:53 AM  
Blogger Bryan Finoki said...

ha! yeah, definitely the french version though.

November 24, 2005 2:47 PM  
Blogger Geoff Manaugh said...

It's been days now since I posted this thing, but I'm still thinking about Aleister Crowley as a kind of unacknowledged hydro-electric engineer transforming the tidal pull of the moon into domestic electricity.

Surely, I'm led to wonder, there could be a whole unwritten history out there – starring Nikola Tesla, Aleister Crowley, even Newton and Benjamin Franklin – all about electrical machinery; or, more specifically – and more interestingly – surely the world would be a little bit different if Aleister Crowley had not written books on lunar 'magick' and all theosophic et ceteras, but had built massive tidal machines in the Mersey... What is that, Aleister Crowley vs. Henry Ford? Or something? The Crowleymobile. WWACD - What Would Aleister Crowley Drive?

Anyway, this is lunar hydro-electric engineering as a complicated form of occult self-expression, perhaps. Or a mythological re-consideration of the techniques behind solar/tidal/lunar power generation. Solar power as a contemporary version of Zoroastrianism...

Could the person who invented lunar tide power generation machines be excommunicated by the Vatican? For paganism?

Is there a pagan technology? What about solar power? Has the Vatican ever condemned a machine? If so, why?

It's like a Stephen King story: the Vatican sends a team of exorcists north to England, where they are quizzed by other priests upon arrival: they have come, they explain, to exorcize the tidal gates... Starring Heath Ledger.

Anyway – back to architecture.

November 25, 2005 2:40 PM  

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