We'd all be living in dams

[Image: A "contour map" of Hoover Dam; view bigger].

I've found myself in an ongoing thought experiment for the last few months, trying to imagine what it would look like if theoretically non-domestic architectural styles were used to build the houses, or cities, of the future.
There are some obvious examples – designing houses like football stadiums, Gothic cathedrals, military bunkers, or nuclear missile silos – or even like Taco Bells, for that matter, or air traffic control towers – but there are also some less obvious, and far more interesting, possibilities out there.
Dams, for instance.
Why not build your house like a gigantic gravity dam? It wouldn't have to hold back water – so there'd be no flooding to worry about – and you'd have big windows on either side.
You'd span canyons and have an incredible roof deck.
In fact, when I first saw the image, below, posted on The Cool Hunter back in December, I nearly passed out.

[Image: A development in Songjiang, China, via The Cool Hunter].

Alas, it's not a dam at all, but the inner wall of a quarry (I still like it).
In any case, instead of building habitable bridges, like the Ponte Vecchio in Florence –

[Images: The Ponte Vecchio in Florence].

– or the Old London Bridge

[Images: An image of "new houses" built across the river, followed by a spectacular image, by Peter Jackson, of the Old London Bridge itself].

– with the former example surely having been at least a subtle influence on the design of Constant's New Babylon

[Images: Constant's New Babylon – not the same as this New Babylon, of course... though that would be interesting].

– you'd build habitable dams.
A whole suburb full of dam-houses, holding back no water. Great arcs of concrete towering over the landscape, full of kitchens. And there's not a river in sight. Or dozens of micro-dams, only three or four stories tall, forming Oscar Niemeyerian monoliths arranged around a cul-de-sac.
Families barbecue dinner in the backyard, shaded from the late summer sun by volumetric geometries of well-rebar'd slabs – great dorsal fins of engineering, sticking up from the landscape on all sides.

[Image: The "mechanisms" of Hoover Dam; view slightly larger. Imagine living inside a valve, or inside a penstock...].

You'd come home to this!

[Image: The Eder Dam on the Edersee, Germany].

Your own little love-nest, nestled between hills – or standing out in the middle of nowhere.
The bachelor pad of the future... is a diversionary dam.
But habitable dams aren't even the main source of structural ideas that, I think, have been sadly neglected when it comes to designing houses; what really gets me going is thinking about how to use elevated highway ramps as a new form of single-family housing.

[Images: A truly awesome image of an elevated highway-house, architect unknown (if you know, please inform!); and some L.A. freeways, photographed by satellite].

But that will have to wait till another post...

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16 Comments:

Blogger Johanna Reed said...

*nearly passed out*

July 13, 2007 5:07 PM  
Anonymous Tato said...

Talking about domestic dams....You have probably seen OMA's Jebel al Jais Mountain resort in Dubai. In case you haven't you can see some of it here:
http://www.dezeen.com/2007/05/28/jebel-al-jais-mountain-resort-by-oma/#more-2784

July 13, 2007 5:36 PM  
Blogger Geoff Manaugh said...

Missed that, actually. Thanks for the link!

July 13, 2007 5:56 PM  
Anonymous Logan Antill said...

I've always wanted to live in a church, level all the pews and put my bed up by the pulpit. Or an old gymnasium with 100ft ceilings. It would be impossible to heat or cool, but the sheer impresario amazingness of such a living arangement would cancel out any suffering.

July 13, 2007 5:58 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

The last image, the one with the highway-building, is the Mercedes Benz Museum proposal (2002, Stuttgart) by Alberto Campo Baeza. I don't particullary like his work, but this one is trully great.

http://www.campobaeza.com/ENGLISH/_total00.htm

July 13, 2007 9:22 PM  
Anonymous travelina said...

I love that photo of the Sonjiang quarry so much!

It reminds of the spectacular Falkirk Wheel, the world's only rotating boatlift, which actually exists in Scotland (opened May 2002), and allows east-to-west boat traffic across the country. It was built to solve an engineering problem where two major canals, Union Canal and the Forth & Clyde Canal, intersect. There is a difference of 115 feet in water level between the two canals, and that would ordinarily require a series of 11 locks. Instead, the Falkirk Wheel solves the problem with a single elegant, bizarre-looking structure which operates on gravity and works somewhat like a Ferris wheel for boats. You drive your boat into this futuristic water-filled pod, the pod is sealed and then swings you in your boat 114 feet up in the air to meet the higher canal, then the pod opens and you smoothly drive your boat out. You have to see the photos. This is the marvelous structure that made my daughter decide to become a civil engineer:
http://www.esemag.com/0304/falkirk.html
It kinda looks like a giant metal T. rex, especially lit up at night: http://www.glasgowarchitecture.co.uk/falkirk_wheel.htm

July 14, 2007 10:54 AM  
Blogger Ben said...

This is a great Blog today Geoff!

This reminds me of a Sciarc lecture that I saw on 10.12.05 by the Copenhagen firm PLOT (now defunct). They showed two huge theoretical projects, the first one was a gigantic star-shaped island shipping port for the Netherlands, it must have been bigger then our Long Beach port. The great part of the proposal was that it was a seven pointed star the same as the Mearsk shipping logo, and visible from space.
The other project was a huge inhabited Bridge called "BRD" spanning a gigantic river. The bridge was 100,000 sq Mt of office space and apartments. It was essentially a super-modern, single-developer version of the London bridge. They have some excellent model photos of the proposal at one of PLOT's offshoot firms BIG,
Look for the bridge icon.

The blog also reminds me of a couple of awesome smokestacks north of Tucson in the town San Manuel. The two 200 ft tall smokers are all that is left of a giant copper smelter. Halfway up the towers are mechanical rooms, that cling to the side of the towers. They have always made me want to live up there, make the rooms my home, like a bridge troll. In this case looking out over the Sonoran desert, with views 100 miles south to Mexico, and numerous hidden ghosts towns littering the surrounding mountains.
-B

July 14, 2007 7:15 PM  
Anonymous nam henderson said...

@ B
Wow, that PLOT proposal for the bridge project is awesome.
The various layers, all capped off by a usable roof terrace/public park?
Mmmmm Mmmm,
Wouldn't have to worry as much about rising seas either,
If the houses were built high with roads above

July 15, 2007 2:04 PM  
Anonymous M said...

It's a good idea. But what's your case for it? How would it expand other than linearly? Is it more than just one surface condition? What is it separating? Remember, just because it is not touching water, does not mean it is not a dam.

July 16, 2007 1:30 AM  
Anonymous Max said...

New Babylon's an interesting inclusion, as there you have an imaginary city built first around a way of life-- the mobility of these imaginary new babylonians.

The fact that the structure ends up looking like bridges is more of a consequence of this thought experiment on Constant's part; he's imagining a structure you'd have to build over the remainders of the cities of today, after the revolution he's forseeing.

July 16, 2007 10:43 AM  
Anonymous ed said...

In author William Gibson's book "All Tomorrow's Parties", the San Francisco Bay Bridge has been turned into an informal residence after an earthquake has rendered the structure too weak to carry traffic.

Not quite the same, but...

ed

July 16, 2007 10:47 AM  
Blogger michele said...

hey ed i would have liked to say that you're too fast

July 18, 2007 2:40 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

but WHY???? I can see affixing housing to or incorporating it into monumental engineering works, but WHY would you IMITATE engineering forms for housing?

July 18, 2007 11:45 AM  
Blogger jimmy said...

2 thoughts.

1) The fist time I saw the hoover dam was a life-changing experience. I couldn't believe that we built this enormously beautiful and beautifully enormous structure. The dam has so much presence, such a sense of importance and place. My grandpa worked on it and i wish he was still around to talk to. it must've seemed like an impossible undertaking at the time...

2) Have you seen The Postman, starring the irrepressible Kevin Costner? If I remember correctly, Tom Petty (playing a post-apocalyptic Tom Petty) lives in a dam-based village in post-post office America. If you haven't seen it, rest assured, Kevin Costner dramatically restores justice and order by...delivering mail.

July 19, 2007 2:23 AM  
Anonymous Andy K said...

Since you're collecting images of dams as buildings or buildings as dams, here's one I just found. It's a painting by Norwegian artist Rolf Groven, though it seems to be meant as some sort of political or environmental commentary that I don't undersatand:

http://www.groven.no/rolf/previewpages/previewpage17.php

The rest of his work online is here:

http://www.groven.no/rolf/

July 27, 2007 8:45 PM  
Anonymous Michael said...

I was reminded of one of Paolo Solieri's proposals. His thinking was, instead of sending the water and electricity from a dam several miles to a city, why not just build the city in the dam? It's an idea he seems to have played with a lot over the years-- making infrastructure, and the communities it serves, one and the same.

August 06, 2007 8:31 PM  

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