Cairo Sound City

There was an interesting article in the New York Times yesterday about noise and the city of Cairo.

[Image: Cairo, photographed by Nick Leonard].

"We’re not just talking typical city noise," the article says, "but what scientists here say is more like living inside a factory."
    This is not like London or New York, or even Tehran, another car-clogged Middle Eastern capital. It is literally like living day in and day out with a lawn mower running next to your head, according to scientists with the National Research Center. They spent five years studying noise levels across the city and concluded in a report issued this year that the average noise from 7 a.m. to 10 p.m. is 85 decibels, a bit louder than a freight train 15 feet away...
That noise, we're told, is symptomatic of the fact that Cairo is "an increasingly unmanageable city, crowded far beyond its original capacity" – and the "main culprit is the two million cars, and drivers who jam the city roads every day." Urban planning and strategic noise control.
The article goes on to talk to people who are shouting – without realizing that they're shouting – even while they rail against the all-pervasive noise; with people who are screaming – without realizing that they're screaming – even while denying that the city has become quite loud; and with one man who, oblivious to the cacophonous sounds around him, turns on his radio – and cranks it all the way up in order to hear it.
The overall effect, then, is that the city now sounds more like a stationary airplane engine, an endless and deafening roar on the deltaic northern fringe of the Sahara Desert.

[Image: Cairo, as featured on an old postcard, originally uploaded by Flickr user ptrosss].

But this also reminds me of two things.
Provided I can ever get my act together on this, I've got a long and totally fascinating interview with Jace Clayton, aka DJ /rupture, coming up here on the blog, in which we discuss the sonic qualities of cities, focusing on New York and arriving there via Marrakech, Barcelona, and even Rennes, France. (Jace, sorry it's taken so long!)
Second, I've mentioned this before, but I've got a short article coming up in Dwell about the future sounds of carless eco-cities – how entire urban soundscapes will change once cars go hybrid/electric, and the internal combustion engine slowly disappears. That's in the June issue. I really can't wait to talk more about that, actually – but I'll have to refrain, again, for now.
But how much of this urban noise, like that described in Cairo, is purely circumstantial? You go to a bar or a party, for instance, and it's often the case that everyone's speaking loudly because everyone else is speaking loudly – so someone turns the music up to make sure everyone can hear it, which makes everyone speak louder, and the music goes up, and so on. Now distribute and multiply this process across a whole city – and you get a kind of metropolitan echo chamber, its streets amplifiers, its buildings resonating gourds and reverberatories.
I'm tempted to organize something called World Noise Day. Make your city as loud as possible. Take advantage of car horns, personal stereos, supermarket broadcast systems, and the local radio. Play Merzbow all day, cruising loops in boom cars. Rebuild Luigi Russolo's intonarumori. Install Japanese war tubas and British sound mirrors throughout the city. Turn on hair dryers. Yodel. Record the sounds of noise in the morning – and play them again that night, much louder.
In any case, perhaps everyone in Cairo now has really bad tinnitus – or ringing in the ears – and so masking their own bodies' constant silvery scream with massive amounts of background noise is the only way forward.
The over-loud city becomes a kind of acoustic self-remedy: homeopathy through urban noise.

(Thanks, Nicky!)

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Anonymous michael bailey said...

In Montreal every year there is a symphony performed in the old port, using the steam whistles, bells and horns or the ships, locamotives, and churches in the old port. This is extremely interesting becuase the noise is coordinated to make music.

April 15, 2008 3:55 PM  
Blogger johnny5 said...

On the other hand, some cities are too quiet.

April 15, 2008 4:43 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

johnny5, that sounds like a great job for sound designers of the future!

April 16, 2008 6:10 AM  
Blogger Dan said...

Intertesting.

We already have a national Noise Day here in the UK
national-noise-day.co.uk
Run by my friend Henry "Shitmat" Collins of Wrong Music.

And coincidentally I am playing a gig with Merzbow in Bristol (UK) this Friday. (At The Croft on Stokes Croft for anyone who cares.)

I'm not just another freaky noise artist btw. By day I'm an acoustic consultant working to reduce noise. Got to let it out somewhere!

April 16, 2008 10:17 AM  
Blogger Penelope said...

For a Caracas native like myself, every day is National Noise Day. Just like Cairo, Caracas is overcrowded, traffic is a constant grid-lock filled of horn honking frustrated drivers, loud music on the streets and people speaking even louder (add to that an airport in the middle of downtown and a reputation of the most violent city in Latin America). Venezuelans in general seem to have have a phobia of silence, noise travels with you, even on the most remote landscape you are bound to find the ubiquitous loud boom box(sit down to just relax and listen at the waves? forget it!). A year and half I was working with a foreign cultural institution to do a beautiful sound art installation in Caracas' public spaces until we realized our efforts would be futile and "silenced" by the city noises.

April 16, 2008 11:45 AM  
Anonymous Clare D said...

I reckon there's a lot to be gleaned from the contrast - the way you can turn into a side street from a noisy thoroughfare and there's an instant, stunning silence.

April 16, 2008 4:21 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

One experiment that Cairo can try is to go back to the days of planting green roofs and walls within homes and businesses. The hanging gardens of Babylon are an impressive example of how greenery can be integrated into urban areas and densely populated spaces. Moreover, an added benefit is noise reduction. This may aid in the resolution of the constant ear ringing.
www.greenroofs.org/balitmore
just a thought

April 17, 2008 2:31 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

To Anonymous re green Egyptian rooftops.....fat chance: Their rooftops are storage areas for bikes, chicken coops, dead tires, boxes, cartons, etc. Maybe the cities will get quiet when everyone becomes stone deaf. noelani

April 17, 2008 11:39 PM  

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