The Right Printhead

I was excited finally to pick up a copy of Icon's February issue today; it is, in its entirety, an exploration of how fiction can be used to explore architectural ideas and the future of the built environment.



Contributors range from China Miéville, Bruce Sterling, and Cory Doctorow to Ned Beauman, Alexandra Daisy Ginsberg & Oron Catts, and Will Self, with microfiction contributions from Tim Maly of Quiet Babylon fame and Simon Sellars of Ballardian. I was also very happy to see that "Landscapes of Quarantine" participant Scott Geiger appears with a short review, and there is much else besides.

China Miéville's story, "The Rope is the World," takes place amidst "the space elevators, the skyhooks, the geostationary tethered-dock haulage columns" of a planet bound to its lower atmosphere by giant pieces of astral infrastructure. However, these elevators, in Miéville's telling, are doomed to become fantastic aerial ruins, turning the Earth into "an irregularly spoked wheel" studded with abandoned elevator shafts, each "longer than Russia." Derelict chain-cities hang flaccid in the skies. What might Caspar David Friedrich have painted in such a world?

Bruce Sterling, meanwhile, presents us with a world in which nothing seems to exist but broadband access—and that world is far from exhilarating. The story's accompanying photograph shows us a Windows-powered laptop sitting alone on a plaster-flecked apartment floor, plugged into the wall of a room that otherwise has nothing in it; this solipsistic interior, void of anything like human presence or culture, reminded me of an old Peter Lamborn Wilson interview in which Wilson launches into an amazing rant against the rise of home internet use (even if I don't agree with his conclusions):
    Yes. You're slumped in front of a screen, in the same physical situation as a TV watcher, you've just added a typewriter. And you're "interactive." What does that mean? It does not mean community. It's catatonic schizophrenia. So blah blah blah; communicate communicate; data data data. It doesn't mean anything more than catatonics babbling and drooling in a mental institution. Why can't we stop?
In Sterling's fictional world, these empty interiors freed of all personal possessions, with not even a place to sit, pulsate with instant access to Gmail; you can check your Twitter feed even if you can't cook a decent meal.

But when the story's protagonist obtains a mail-order 3D printer ("This sleek and sturdy overnight parcel contains everything one might need for do-it-yourself, open-source digital home fabrication," Sterling writes), he or she gains an ability to produce objects—which then seems to be greeted with hipster disillusionment, rather than with ecstasy.

Indeed, the story ends on a low note; its final line: "I have to print my bed, so that I can lie in it."

I have to admit to having already read that final sentence courtesy of Matt Jones's Twitter feed a few weeks ago, and I had imagined, between then and now, a totally different story. I had pictured Sterling's story, called "The Hypersurface of the Decade," set in a world where personalized 3D printers create everything from our furniture to our food; today we might print our boarding passes at home before getting on an airplane, but tomorrow we will print our hamburgers, TVs, and even bedspreads.

Maybe we'll print dogs and subway passes and prescription medications. Maybe we will even print our children.


[Image: MIT's Fluid Interfaces Group's Cornucopia 3D food-printer].

Maybe it's just a question of having the right new infrastructure of pipes—no, not those pipes. Maybe we need to forget ink cartridges; we'll just subscribe to personal flows of speciality ingredients, chemical mixtures that come to us through a radically retooled infrastructure of pipes embedded in the walls of our cities. As unsurprising to someone in 50 years as piped water is to residents of New York today, anyone will simply print a pill of Prozac when they really need it or even print themselves a birthday cake.

Forget killer apps; all you need is the right printhead. Plug it into a nozzle on the wall and voilà.

In any case, I had pictured a story set in some strange Dr. Seuss world of instantly-printed objects. Forget furniture and clothing and utensils. Forget the Apple Tablet; instead you'd carry portable printheads, emitting on-demand, dissolvable realities of the present moment. Trapped in a room, you'd simply print a hammer and attack the wall. Of course, in many ways that is exactly what Sterling has described in his story, but it takes till the last three or four paragraphs to get a glimpse of this malleable world.

But, speaking only for myself, I'd love to spend more time inside this strange fever-dream in which instantly realizable objects appear left and right. I would hold something not unlike a gateway in my hand—some fabulous new printhead—spraying forms into the world of human beings.

Pick up a copy of Icon's Fiction Issue before it disappears.

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Blogger Ben Brockert said...

Neal Stephenson's "The Diamond Age (or, a Young Lady's Illustrated Primer)" features pipelines of printer material all over the world, into every home, even the lower lower class. They're used to print food, stuff, nanomachines, etc.

Related to your link the other day to an article about architectural renderings, I'd like to point you to Akin's Laws of Spacecraft Design, spacecraft design being sort of what I do as a day job. http://spacecraft.ssl.umd.edu/old_site/academics/akins_laws.html Number 30 in particular, "(von Tiesenhausen's Law of Engineering Design) If you want to have a maximum effect on the design of a new engineering system, learn to draw. Engineers always wind up designing the vehicle to look like the initial artist's concept." See, it applies to more than buildings.

Again tangentially, regarding your interest in weather modification, have you seen this image? http://withouthotair.blogspot.com/2010/01/wind-farm-wakes.html Be sure to click the 'stunning photograph' link for the full sized one.

Finally, have you been to Mindshare LA, and if not you should go an present on something. I went for the first time this month, and it was quite interesting.

January 25, 2010 11:40 PM  
Blogger Geoff Manaugh said...

Wow, Ben, I love that image!

Embarrassingly enough, several people have asked me recently if I've read The Diamond Age; I seem to be belatedly rediscovering the ideas Stephenson already wrote 20 years ago... I guess I'll have to read that this summer.

Great anecdote about spacecraft design, too.

January 25, 2010 11:48 PM  
Anonymous lindfors said...

Cory Doctorow wrote a mini-fiction piece which imagined the day when 3D printers would be regulated due to hacks printing illicit pharma. Upon his release from prison, the main character has a plan, print more printers. One for everyone.

http://craphound.com/?p=573

January 25, 2010 11:49 PM  
Blogger Geoff Manaugh said...

Nice—I remember reading that, actually, when he linked it on Boing Boing.

I think a mysticism of 3D printers is not far away, to be honest...

January 25, 2010 11:52 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

A short story in which a whole country has a sort of 3d printing state religion:

http://text-bin.blogspot.com/2009/10/breaches-and-other-places.html

January 26, 2010 2:56 AM  
Anonymous JR said...

Universal object printing is an old idea. Philip K. Dick wrote several stories about it. Autofac (1955)and Pay For the Printer (1956) come to mind.

Then you have the replicators in Star Trek, of course. Yawn.

January 26, 2010 7:30 AM  
Anonymous namhenderson said...

I see Ben already beat me to noting that the scenario you describe is almost exactly like the one envisioned by Neal Stephenson's in The Diamond Age. Specifically with regards to feeds of atoms/resources as urban infrastructure.

I read his Snowcrash years ago and loved it but just recently picked up the Diamond Age.

January 26, 2010 11:40 AM  
Blogger Geoff Manaugh said...

Nam, I will definitely read that book this summer! The only Stephenson I've read is Cryptonomicon, I'm afraid.

Also, randomly, I just remembered a very old post here on BLDGBLOG (December 2005) that proposes using magma vents as igneous printheads, freezing molten rock into the forms of buildings: Church of Earth, Magmatic. Nothing amazing, but nostalgia compells me to link it; 3D printing technology continues to amaze me, I guess.

January 26, 2010 11:45 AM  
Blogger Ben Brockert said...

Cryptonomicon is a great entry to Stephenson. Diamond Age is more on the gonzo side, with Snow Crash.

Anathem, his most recent book, is one of his most architectural. The entire first half of the very long book is about you could do very long term modifications to society by building a particular sort of megastructure.

The Big U is about a large university built as an isolated city-state, and the gradual breakdown and civil war that ensues. Features sewer exploration, secret underground areas, people who have powers because they have keys, and a great scene where two characters meet simply because they both fail to use the building-as-machine correctly and are ejected out emergency exits.

January 26, 2010 10:56 PM  
Blogger Tawhid said...

It would be out of this world, if I could print out the vehicles that I imagine and then drive'em. May be some day inventors will just invent rather than running after investors!

January 27, 2010 4:13 AM  

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