An edge over which it is impossible to look

[Image: The Ladybower bellmouth at full drain, photographed by Flickr user Serigrapher].

Nearly half a year ago, a reader emailed with a link to a paper by Andrew Crompton, called "Three Doors to Other Worlds" (download the PDF). While the entirety of the paper is worth reading, I want to highlight a specific moment, wherein Crompton introduces us to the colossal western bellmouth drain of the Ladybower reservoir in Derbyshire, England.

His description of this "inverted infrastructural monument," as InfraNet Lab described it in their own post about Crompton's paper—adding that spillways like this "maintain two states: (1) in use they disappear and are minimally obscured by flowing water, (2) not in use they are sculptural oddities hovering ambiguously above the water line"—is spine-tingling.

[Image: The Ladybower bellmouth, photographed by John Fielding, via Geograph].

"What is down that hole is a deep mystery," Crompton begins, and the ensuing passage deserves quoting in full:
    Not even Google Earth can help you since its depths are in shadow when photographed from above. To see for yourself means going down the steps as far as you dare and then leaning out to take a look. Before attempting a descent, you might think it prudent to walk around the hole looking for the easiest way down. The search will reveal that the workmanship is superb and that there is no weakness to exploit, nowhere to tie a rope and not so much as a pebble to throw down the hole unless you brought it with you in the boat. The steps of this circular waterfall are all eighteen inches high. This is an awkward height to descend, and most people, one imagines, would soon turn their back on the hole and face the stone like a climber. How far would you be willing to go before the steps became too small to continue? With proper boots, it is possible to stand on a sharp edge as narrow as a quarter of an inch wide; in such a position, you will risk your life twisting your cheek away from the stone to look downward because that movement will shift your center of gravity from a position above your feet, causing you to pivot away from the wall with only friction at your fingertips to hold you in place. Sooner or later, either your nerves or your grip will fail while diminishing steps accumulate below preventing a vertical view. In short, as if you were performing a ritual, this structure will first make you walk in circles, then make you turn your back on the thing you fear, then give you a severe fright, and then deny you the answer to a question any bird could solve in a moment. When you do fall, you will hit the sides before hitting the bottom. Death with time to think about it arriving awaits anyone who peers too far into that hole.
"What we have here," he adds, "is a geometrical oddity: an edge over which it is impossible to look. Because you can see the endless walls of the abyss both below you and facing you, nothing is hidden except what is down the hole. Standing on the rim, you are very close to a mystery: a space receiving the light of the sun into which we cannot see."

[Image: The Ladybower bellmouth, photographed by Peter Hanna, from his trip through the Peak District].

Crompton goes on to cite H.P. Lovecraft, the travels of Christopher Columbus, and more; again, it's worth the read (PDF). But that infinitely alluring blackness—and the tiny steps that lead down into it, and the abyssal impulse to see how far we're willing to go—is a hard thing to get out of my mind.

(Huge thanks to Kristof Hanzlik for the tip!)

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Blogger Alexander Kramer said...

I absolutely love the idea of a hole in which you cannot look into.

This single post is setting off a chain reaction of images, memories, and ideas in my head.

We need more sculptural/monumental oddities as this in our everyday world.

April 26, 2010 1:20 PM  
Anonymous Graham J. said...

That was amazing. Thank you.

It reminds me mostly of Danielewski's House of Leaves (when they're descending the stairs to see just how deep the house goes), but like Alex, it evokes so many more fleeting memories.

April 26, 2010 1:48 PM  
Anonymous John Coulthart said...

I've been out to Ladybower but didn't know of the existence of that outlet at the time. While there I bought a local history booklet which details the last days of the villages of Derwent and Ashopton, both of which were lost when the valley was flooded. Some fascinating photos, especially those showing a solitary church tower protruding from the rising waters.

April 26, 2010 2:17 PM  
Anonymous Bill Burns said...

Another view of the bellmouth here:

April 26, 2010 3:16 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

reminded me of this article from last july:

Andrew Crompton´s text adds a new dimension though...

April 26, 2010 6:16 PM  
Blogger the red bungalow said...

That first picture is so crazy looking! Really fascinating!

Bre @

April 26, 2010 6:28 PM  
Blogger PAD_Z said...

Crompton is also an amazing and engaging lecturer, i would also check out his conegro novelty in which he precedes to make a paper cone grow from a flat plane as it is twisted.
it was also fun going on a sketching workshop with him around the graveyards of south manchester. hehe

April 26, 2010 6:30 PM  
Anonymous Georgia said...

Fascinating excerpt! Felt like I was Alice in Wonderland.

April 26, 2010 7:54 PM  
Blogger Geoff Manaugh said...

I love comments like this: reminded me of this article from last july:

Amazingly, that very blog post is referred to, cited, and linked to by name in the above post (if you managed to read it). Thanks, anonymous!

John, I had totally overlooked that this is actually the same reservoir that drowned Derwent - fascinating. A whole town absorbed by higher dimensional, dark geometries.

April 26, 2010 10:02 PM  
Blogger Pyracantha said...

There's a fountain on the UCLA campus that's kind of like this.,_UCLA.jpg

April 27, 2010 2:48 AM  
Anonymous Cargo Cult said...

One time I was getting the train back from university in Manchester across the Peak District, only for it to be cancelled - and a replacement bus service operated instead.

Cue a dreary, rainy afternoon on a coach slowly winding its way through hills and valleys, around a lake and then - a deep, torrential hole in the lake.

A briefest of glimpses, then the bus continuing away from this bizarre sight, deep in some unidentified part of the Peak District.

I only figured out what the hell I'd seen some years later, thanks to the internet.

April 27, 2010 6:37 AM  
Blogger Unknown said...

The all time classic film "Jennifer's Body" took place in a place called Devil's Kettle, is it a real place? The abyssal impulses there were quite something.

April 27, 2010 10:40 AM  
Blogger Michael Flatt said...

As interesting - very interesting - as that was, I can't help thinking that the puzzle of how to look down into it could be solved with a simple plank.

April 27, 2010 10:49 AM  
Blogger Greg said...

It reminds me of an Anish Kapoor work from the Hayward show in the mid-90s - a mirrored hole in the floor that had an 'event horizon' just wide enough that everyone tried to lean over and look down into it, but it proved impossible.

April 27, 2010 2:47 PM  
Anonymous Norbert M said...

You think that is cool, look at this one in Lake Berryessa in N. California:

April 28, 2010 2:21 AM  
Blogger Michael said...

I remember going a day trip with my family to the Ladybower reservoir when I was a child and looking into the bellmouth completely freaked me out. The experience of it full drain gives one an incredible sense of vertigo and that isn't without factoring the awesome noise of the falling water.

April 28, 2010 6:37 PM  
Blogger Sherbet said...

Couldn't you just hoist a camera over the hole with a pole?

April 29, 2010 10:01 PM  
Blogger joXn said...

Somehow I keep reading it as the Ladybower hellmouth...

May 01, 2010 9:44 PM  
Blogger ChrisBamborough said...

Thanks for a great article Geoff, I used to drive passed that all the time when I lived in Sheffield and always wondered where it led. It also got me thinking about other reservoirs around the world and how skateboarders have explored to discover the pipe's destination. The "Glory Hole" in California is just one example which was discovered in the 70s.

May 03, 2010 11:08 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

simliar thing here in wales, at Pontsticill the reservoir... however there are no steps in this hole, the sides are made of full size bricks, you can just about make thenm out in the picture...a slippery doom awaits!,-3.365276&spn=0.001242,0.003372&t=h&z=19

May 05, 2010 6:50 AM  
Anonymous Lewis Saunders said...

Love these. Particularly the ones which are built as a funnel from the reservoir bed rather than just a hole in an earthen dam. Something wonderful about a hole in the water.

It's very possible to look down them with the correct application of a rope - some friends:

May 11, 2010 11:45 AM  
Anonymous Eric in Minneapolis said...

To Geoff: Beautiful and weird images- you have a great blog!

To John Coulthart: You might like to look at the church tower rising up from the submerged village under the dammed Reschensee. See

May 31, 2010 1:09 PM  
Blogger Alexander Kramer said...

Thought the picture of the sink hole in Guatemala is pretty appropriate for this post.

Also, the idea of buildings/cities being built in a way that sinkholes might even add to them is a very intriguing idea to fantasize about.

June 01, 2010 12:37 PM  
Blogger Geoff Manaugh said...

Alexander, I just saw that last night! It's insane.

June 01, 2010 12:44 PM  
Anonymous Yaz said...

But you can look down it, I abseiled it, It was really fun.

November 15, 2010 7:14 AM  
Anonymous Lee said...

I visit Ladybower regularly and if you think the plughole is spectacular, go there after there's been several days of rain and observe the water spilling over the dam wall - as It's designed to do.

December 22, 2010 3:43 AM  

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